Purpose Goals Youth friendly? Purpose The purpose of adolescent substance use treatment is to provide interventions that address the needs of young people who exhibit problems associated with substance use. The primary aim of treatment may be cessation of use, detoxification or controlled use. In addition, there are usually broader objectives, such as reduction of criminal activity and risk behaviour e. Goals A suitable goal for treatment with young people is to increase the capacity of the young person involved in treatment to manage their life more effectively.
There may need to be a reconsideration of the traditional abstinence goal of many programs in situations other than those that involve physical or organ damage of the young person. This is particularly pertinent for young people, as a focus solely on abstinence from substance use may have the effect of undermining other gains and thus decrease the value of those gains for the young person, their family or the treating agent. A range of treatment options is essential Gowing et al. Table Types of treatment options available for adolescents Table 14 is presented as a list in this HTML version for accessibility reasons.
Primary prevention Client assessment criteria: No history of current use. Top of page Early intervention Client assessment criteria: No history of or low levels of use, with few problems arising from substance use.
Outreach and drop-in centres Client assessment criteria: Low to severe levels of use, for difficult to engage young people treatment non-completers, pre-contemplators and support treatment completers. Typical treatment options: Emphasis on engagement with young people and improved health and access to services, interventions may include psychoeducation, HR, MI, brief CBT and FT, counselling, recreational activities and ancillary services e.
Semi-supported residential Client assessment criteria: Low to severe levels of substance use or dependence with problems resulting from use and there is a need for residential support. Typical treatment options: These include hostels or group homes and can be used to accommodate young people who are attending a day program, or exiting a residential unit.
Short-term residential usually less than three months Client assessment criteria: Moderate to severe levels of misuse or dependence, usually requiring detoxification or ongoing assessment and respite, with problems resulting from substance misuse and and few social supports. Longer-term residential usually three months Client assessment criteria: Severe substance misuse or dependence usually requiring detoxification, limited social supports and health concerns are elevated including mental health. Typical treatment options: As above but are usually 'therapeutic communities' adapted to better suit the needs of young people.
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Additionally, there was a significant heterogeneity between the studies, while the moderator variables could not explain this variability. Tomorrow is Irish Guide Dog Day! In general, households on a low-income tend to eat less well, have poorer health outcomes with higher levels of excess weight and its complications. Vaca and Rockan Sayegh. Scand J Psychol.